On Tuesday, May 11 ESPN’s Emmy Award-winning, primetime newsmagazine E:60 aired an in-depth investigation by Jeremy Schaap on “corrective rape” in South Africa, the 2010 FIFA World Cup host nation.
South Africa has the highest reported rate of rape worldwide. It’s estimated that half of all South African women will be raped in their lifetime. In a recent study, more than 25 percent of South African men admitted they had raped a woman. So-called “corrective rape” is the latest phenomenon in a country with an epidemic of sexual violence and widespread homophobia. Although South Africa has one of the most progressive constitutions in the world and is one of only seven countries in the world that allows gay marriage, 80 percent of South Africans say gay sex between same-sex partners is “always wrong” and President Jacob Zuma has called gay marriage “a disgrace to the nation and to God.”
On April 28, 2008, the mutilated body of former South Africa women’s national soccer team star Eudy Simelane was found in a creek in a park. Simelane had been gang-raped and stabbed multiple times on the way home from a tavern in Kwa Thema, a black township 30 miles outside Johannesburg. Simelane had hoped this summer to become the first woman ever to referee a match in the World Cup. Instead, she became the face of "corrective rape,” men raping gay women in order to “cure” them of their lesbianism.
Schaap, who recently won an Emmy for Sports Journalism, traveled to the impoverished, crime-ridden townships of South Africa to report on this disturbing trend. He interviewed three South African women soccer players who say they were beaten and raped because they are gay. Their haunting stories – and an interview with Simelane’s mother – are the backbone of E:60’s report. Other interview subjects include the chief spokesman of South Africa’s national police force and the former chief of the South African Human Rights Commission.
“The whole world is going to be focusing on South Africa this summer and during our visit in March it was disturbing to find that there is so much violence committed against lesbians, including lesbian soccer players. It was also disturbing that the authorities in some cases don’t seem to pursue these crimes with the same vigor that they do crimes against straight women. It’s a very sad story and an important one because an entire community in South Africa, the lesbian community, lives in fear.”
Lesbian team fight for rights in S.Africa
Down the road from a constitutional court that is charged with upholding gay rights, South Africa's only lesbian soccer team fight not just for the ball but to overturn brutal prejudice and discrimination.
The "Chosen Few" play with skill and huge enthusiasm despite the scrappy dirt wasteground bordered by a large puddle on which they are obliged to train, a few hundred meters from the imposing Constitutional Court in central Johannesburg.
"We tried many other places," said Lerato Marumolwa, one of the best players, pointing ruefully at a well-kept green pitch 500 meters away. "But they just won't let us in."
Such frustration is minor compared to the so-called "corrective" rape, murder, insults and beatings that South African lesbians have frequently suffered, despite the widely admired, post-apartheid constitution which was the first in the world to ban discrimination based on sexual orientation.
More than 30 lesbians are reported to have been murdered in the last decade, and the British NGO ActionAid said in a report last year there was an increasing trend of homophobic attacks and murders by men who believed they would "cure" lesbian women.
Marumolwa, 21, and her team mates are more than just soccer players. They campaign to overturn prejudice against black lesbians, which is greatest in the townships where most of them live.
The group demonstrated outside the court where one of the murderers of former South African national women's soccer team player Eudy Simelane was tried and sentenced last year.
In a shocking crime that exposed the amount of hatred suffered by lesbians in the black community, Simelane was raped and stabbed 25 times in a township on the edge of Johannesburg.
The Chosen Few was launched in 2004 by the Forum for the Empowerment of Women (FEW) and the players say the team has become a refuge for them, in contrast to the danger and prejudice they suffer in their townships.
"In the townships we get discriminated, we get raped, we get beaten up. People swear at us...FEW is my family. It is a space where I feel at home, I can be myself. We come from different backgrounds but when we come here we are one thing, we are a family," Marumolwa told Reuters.
"At home we have to watch what we do, what we say. We don't go around at night. FEW is a good space for us."
The team won bronze medals in the soccer competition at the Gay Games in Chicago in 2006 and at the International Gay and Lesbian Football Association Cup in London two years later.
This July and August, just after the World Cup ends in South Africa, they will compete again at the Gay Games in Germany.
Phindi Malaza, the FEW programmes coordinator and manager of the Chosen Few, said the organization was set up as a space for black lesbians to counteract the homophobia in townships.
"One of the purposes of the team is that they do advocacy work around campaigning and talking against hate crimes. So the team has been that kind of a tool where they are able to support each other...they are not just playing soccer but pushing issues of advocacy."
Malaza said almost all FEW's funding came from overseas and there was no backing from the South African government despite the constitution. "I feel there is really no support in government or the political leadership. You never hear any condemnation of hate crimes."
FEW has its offices in the former apartheid-era women's prison, now a museum, next to the Constitutional Court.
Twice a week the players, most of whom began playing soccer in their childhood, sing as they change their clothes in the courtyard and then walk down the hill to the training ground next to a petrol station.
Singing and dancing are important in building morale in the Chosen Few.
They dance down the pitch in formation before matches and end games with a huddle and recitation of the Lord's Prayer.
"The singing shows the team spirit and gets us in the mood," said Bathandwa Mosho, 19.
They play other women's teams but are the only openly lesbian one.
"There are other teams where there are lesbians but the coaches don't allow them to be who they want to be. They know we are lesbians and we are free," said Marumolwa.
Another player, Sethemane "the General" Mamabolo, 22, told Reuters in a break from a hectic five-a-side training match: "This team means a lot to me, because we are like sisters. We are the family. We fight for our rights. We are the voice of black lesbians out there."
South Africa stands out in Africa for its legal protection of gay rights -- it was the continent's first country to legalize gay marriage. In many other African countries, homosexuality is illegal.
FEW's Malaza acknowledges this but says: "There is a long way to go. We have this constitution that everybody is supposed to be following. Our policies are great, but there is still a lot of work that needs to be done on the ground for people to be on a par with what the constitution is saying."